Catherine Keske, Ph.D..
Select Publications
Refereed Journal Articles:
  1. Hou, Lingling, D.L. Hoag, and C.M.H. Keske, 2015, Abatement costs of soil conservation in China’s Loess Plateau: Balancing income with conservation in an agricultural system.  Journal of Environmental Management, 149, pp. 1-8
  2. Keske, C.M.H., and A. Mayer, 2014, Visitor willingness to pay U.S. Forest Service recreation fees in New West rural mountain economies.  Economic Development Quarterly (EDQ), 28(1), pp. 87-100.
  3. Keske, C.M.H., G. Lohman, J. Loomis, 2013, Do respondents report willingness to pay on a per person or per group basis?  A mountain recreation example.  Tourism Economics, 19(1), pp. 133-146.
  4. Cropper, E., D.M. McLeod, C.T. Bastian, C.M.H. Keske, D.L. Hoag, J.E. Cross, 2012, Factors affecting land trusts’ demand for conservation easements.  Journal of Regional Analysis and Policy Special Issue on Market-Based Environmental Management, 42(2), pp. 88-103.
  5. Keske, C.M.H., S. Evans, T. Iverson, 2012, Total cost electricity pricing:  A market solution for increasingly rigorous environmental standards.  The Electricity Journal, 25(2), pp. 7-15.
  6. Keske, C.M.H., 2011, Costs of environmental and performance attributes of the Colorado electricity sector.  The Electricity Journal, 24(9), pp. 75-83. 
  7. Keske, C.M.H., D. Hoag, and C.T. Bastian, 2011, The effect of landowner amenity rents in conservation easement policies.  Environmental Economics Journal, 2(3), pp. 123-130.
  8. Hoag, D.L.K., R. Boone, and C.M.H. Keske, 2011, The cost for agriculture to coexist with wildlife in Colorado, Human Dimensions of Wildlife, 16(5), pp. 319-329. 
  9. Keske, C.M.H, 2011, How to value environmental and non-market goods:  A guide for legal professionals, Denver Journal of International Law and Policy, 39(3), pp. 423-435.
  10. Laitos, J.G. and C.M. Keske, 2010, The right of non-use, Journal of Environmental Law and Litigation (JELL), 25(2), pp. 303-384. 
  11. Loomis, J.B. and C.M. Keske, 2009, Mountain substitutability and peak load pricing of high alpine peaks as a management tool to reduce environmental damage: a contingent valuation study, Journal of Environmental Management, 90(5), pp. 1751–1760.
  12. Keske, C.M. and J.B. Loomis, 2008, Regional economic contribution and net economic values of opening access to three Colorado Fourteeners, Tourism Economics, 14(2), pp. 249-262.
 
Select Presentations and Outreach Publications

 

  1. Keske, C.M.H., C. Pearson, D.L. Hoag and A.  Brandess. 2014. Western Colorado Perennial Grass and Biomass Budget Generator. Agricultural Experiment Station Report 14-03.  http://webdoc.agsci.colostate.edu/aes/WCRC/publications/TR14-3%20Western%20Colorado%20Biomass%20Budget%20Generator%20Version%208%202.xlsm
  2. Keske, C.M.H., G. Lohman Birch, and M.F. Cotrufo.  2012.  Biochar in Colorado.  Colorado State University Agricultural Extension Bulletin 0.509. 
  3. Keske, C.M.H.  2012.  Determining the Economic Feasibility of Anaerobic Digestion in Colorado:  Guidelines for Animal Farm Producers.  Colorado State University Agricultural Extension Bulletin 1.229. 
  4. Keske, C. 2011.  Determine Economic Feasibility of Anaerobic Digester, In: Technical and Economic Feasibility of Anaerobic Digestion:  (Sybil Sharvelle and Catherine Keske, Eds.), Montana State University Extension.   URL:  http://www.e3a4u.info/http://www.e3a4u.info/content.cfm?page=AnaerobicDigesters
  5. Keske, C.M., S. Gripne, and L. Sherrod.  2008.  “Update on Conservation Easements:  What Every Colorado Landowner Should Know.”  CSU Technical Extension Bulletin.  March 2008.  XCM-227
 
Books:
  1. Laitos, J.G., 2012, with C. Keske as contributing author in The Right of Non-Use (Jan Laitos, Ed.), Oxford University Press.  ISBN: 978-0195386066.  
  2. Lohman, G., Keske, C.M.H., and E.F. Kelly, 2011, Environmental Impacts from Recreation on Colorado Fourteeners.  Lambert Academic Publishing, Saarbrucken, Germany. ISBN:  978-3-844-388091
  3. Keske, C.M., 2008, Rents, Efficiency, and Incomplete Markets:  The Emerging Market for Private Land Preservation and Conservation Easements, VDM, Verlag Dr. Müller Aktiengesellschaft & Co. Publishers.  ISBN:  978-3-639-06693-7
 
 
 
catherine keske recoure economics

Natural Resource Economics and Policy

keske economist
I am a resource and environmental economist.  I have worked on several types of projects, from energy to conservation, and used many types of economic tools, such as willingness to pay and data envelope analysis to estimate abatement costs for pollution.  I have developed helpful tools for computing environmental costs, such as a pricing tool to compare different forms of energy when including environmental impacts and a tool to estimate the cost of producing biomass for bioenergy production. I have worked in the United States, Canada, Africa and China.  A partial list of my publications is provided to the right and a list of my grants is below.
 
Externally-Funded Projects as Co-PI        
  1. 2011-2016 “The Niwot Ridge Long-Term Ecological Research Program 2011-2016: Tipping Points in High-Elevation Ecosystems in Response to Changes in Climate and Atmospheric Deposition”.  National Science Foundation Long Term Ecological Research Grant renewal proposal for Niwot Ridge LTER site.  PI:  Katharine Nash Suding and Mark Williams, University of Colorado-Boulder. 
  2. 2011-2015 “Dynamics of Coupled Natural and Human Systems in the Colorado Front Range Wildland/Urban Interface: Causes and Consequences”.  National Science Foundation-CNH Program.  Project PI at University of Colorado-Boulder: Patrick S. Bourgeron. 
  3. 2011-2014 “Developing Low-Input, High-Biomass, Perennial Cropping Systems To Support a Bioenergy Economy on Marginal Land at Higher Elevations” South Central Sun Grant administered by Oklahoma State University. PI:  Calvin Pearson.  .
  4. 2011-2014 “Soils, Land Use and Climate Change:  A New Baccalaureate Concentration”.  PI:  Francesca Cotrufo.  Co-PIs:  Meena Balgopol, Rich Conant, Catherine Keske, Stephen Ogle, and Keith Paustian.  USDA AFRI-NIFA HEC program.  
  5. 2011-2012 “Pilot Test the Ecological Approaches to Environmental Protection Developed in Capacity Research.  Project C06B”.  PI:  David Anderson.  Co-PIs:  Joshua Goldstein and Catherine Keske.  National Academy of Sciences Strategic Highway Research Program, Transportation Research Board (TRB) FFIWA March 30, 2011-March 30, 2012.  
  6. 2011-2012 “Biochar in Colorado agriculture:  a research assessment of energy, environmental and economic benefits”.  Colorado Department of Agriculture:  Advancing Colorado’s Renewable Energy (ACRE) grant.  PI:  Francesca Cotrufo. 
  7. 2011-2012 “CSU Irrigation Survey:  Analysis, Training and Education for Agricultural Chemicals and Groundwater Protection”.  Colorado Department of Agriculture.  PI:  Troy Bauder. 
  8. 2010-2013 “Adapting Livestock Systems to Climate Change in Mali”.  Sub-award of USAID Associate Award.  PI:  Sybil Sharvelle:  Co-PI:  Jessica Davis and Catherine Keske. December 15, 2011-2013
  9. 2010-2012 “CSU Irrigation Survey:  Analysis, Training and Education for Agricultural Chemicals and Groundwater Protection”.  Colorado Department of Agriculture.  PI:  Troy Bauder. 
  10. 2011 “Financial Models for Electric Utility Business Model Transformation”.  Department of Energy National Renewable Energy Laboratory’s Joint Institute for Strategic Energy Analysis (JISEA) program.  January 1, 2011-September 30, 2011.  PI:  Thomas Bradley. 
  11. 2009-2011 “Development of Decision Tools for Anaerobic Digestion Projects.”  PI:  Sybil Sharvelle (Civil and Environmental Engineering).  Co-PIs:  Jessica Davis and Catherine Keske.  USDA-NRCS CIG.  October 1, 2009-September 30, 2011. 
  12. 2005-2009 "Economic Factors Affecting Conservation Easements for Rural Land Preservation: Matching Buyer and Seller Preferences in Emerging Markets.”  USDA-NRI. August 15, 2005-August 15, 2009.  PI:  Chris Bastian (University of Wyoming). 
  13. 2007-2008 “Specialized Strategic Risk Management Training for Female Farmers and Ranchers in Montana.”  U.S. Department of Agriculture Risk Management Agency Small Sessions Division (USDA RMA).  PI:  Dana Hoag. 
  14. 2006-2007 “Specialized Strategic Risk Management Training for Female Farmers and Ranchers in Colorado and Nearby States”.  U.S. Department of Agriculture Risk Management Agency (USDA RMA).  October 1, 2006-November 30, 2007.  PI:  Dana Hoag. 
  15. 2005 “Vegetation and Trail Restoration Using a Vegetative Screening Procedure in Seed Collection Projects”.  Funded by the Foundation for Sustainability and Innovation, Laguna Beach, CA.  Start and End Dates: January 15-June 15, 2005.  PI:  Catherine Keske. 
Select Publications
  • Loomis, J.B. and C.M.H. Keske, 2012, Did the great recession reduce visitor spending and willingness to pay for nature-based recreation?  Evidence from 2006 and 2009, Contemporary Economic Policy, 30(2), pp. 238-246)
  •  Keske, C.M.H. and L.S. Smutko, 2010, Consulting communities:  Using audience response system technology (ARS) to assess community preferences for sustainable recreation and tourism development, Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 18(8), pp. 951-970. 
  • Loomis, J.B. and C.M. Keske, 2009, The economic value of novel means of ascending high mountain peaks:  A travel cost demand model of Pikes Peak cog railway riders, automobile users and hikers, Tourism Economics, 15(2), pp. 426-436.
  • Loomis, J.B. and C.M. Keske, 2009, Mountain substitutability and peak load pricing of high alpine peaks as a management tool to reduce environmental damage: a contingent valuation study, Journal of Environmental Management, 90(5), pp. 1751–1760.
  • Keske, C.M. and J.B. Loomis, 2008, Regional economic contribution and net economic values of opening access to three Colorado Fourteeners, Tourism Economics, 14(2), pp. 249-262.
  • Keske, C.M., and J.B. Loomis, 2007, High economic values from high peaks of the West.  Western Economics Forum, 6(1), pp. 34-41
  • Keske, C.M.H., and A. Mayer, 2014, Visitor willingness to pay U.S. Forest Service recreation fees in New West rural mountain economies.  Economic Development Quarterly (EDQ), 28(1), pp. 87-100.
  • Keske, C.M.H., G. Lohman, J. Loomis, 2013, Do respondents report willingness to pay on a per person or per group basis?  A mountain recreation example.  Tourism Economics, 19(1), pp. 133-146.
 
Select Presentations and Outreach Publications
  • Keske, C.M.H., 2010,  High Mountain Ecosystems:  How Much Love Can They Sustain? In Environmental Management (Santosh Sarkar, Ed.), Sciyo Publishers, pp. 189-216.  ISBN:  978-953-7619
  • Loomis, J.B., C.M. Keske, and G. Lohman, Did the Great Recession Reduce Visitor Expenditures?  Evidence From 2006-2009.  American Agricultural Economics Annual Meetings, Denver, Colorado.  Refereed poster available on-line:  http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/bitstream/60825/2/Loomis%20AAEA%2010267%20Great%20Recession%2014er%20poster.pdf
  • Loomis, J.B., and C.M. Keske, 2008, The Economic Value of Novel Mechanized Means of Ascending High Mountain Peaks:  A Travel Cost Demand Model of Pikes Peak Automobile Users, Cog Railway Riders, and Hikers, In:  Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics (DeeVon Bailey, Ed.), 33(3), pp. 489.  Refereed meeting abstract.  ISSN:  1068-5502.
  • Loomis, J.B., and C.M. Keske, 2008, Peak Load Pricing of High Alpine Peaks to Reduce Environmental Damage:  Is the Reduction in Use Due to Substitution Effect or Income Effect? In:  Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics (DeeVon Bailey, Ed.), 33(3), pp. 489.  Refereed meeting abstract.  ISSN:  1068-5502. 
 
 
 
keske utility economics

High Mountain Peaks in Colorado

This project looked at varies ways to value the 54 peaks that tower over 14,000 feet high in the state of Colorado.  Hikers come from around the world to tackle one, and sometimes all of these majestic peaks.   Through a series of surveys, and a technique called contingnent valuation,  we sought to see how hikers valued the peaks through their willingness to pay to hike them.   This information was then linked to regional economic studies of nearby towns to determine how much these peaks meant to the local economies.  In all, we published 8 journal articles, and helped the towns of Alma and Leadville assess their economic relationship to thsse peaks.
Select Publications
 
  • Keske, C.M.H., D.L. Hoag, A. Brandess, and J. Johnson, 2013, Is it economically feasible for farmers to grow their own fuel?  A study of Camelina sativa produced in the western United States as an on-farm biofuel.  Biomass and Bioenergy, 54, pp. 89-99.
  • Field, J., C.M.H. Keske, G. Lohman Birch, M. DeFoort, M.F. Cotrufo, 2013, Distributed bioenergy and biochar co-production: A regionally-specific case study of environmental benefits and economic impacts.  Global Change Biology (GCB) Bioenergy Special Edition on Bioenergy, 5(1), pp. 177-191.
  • Keske, C.M.H., G. Lohman, 2012, Biochar:  An emerging market solution for legacy mine reclamation and the environment.  Appalachian Natural Resources Law Journal, 6(1), pp. 1-14.   
  • Keske, C.M.H., 2012, Anaerobic Digestion Technology:  How agricultural producers—and the environment—might profit from nuisance lawsuits.  Natural Resources Journal, 52(2), pp. 315-336. 
  • Keske, C.M.H., S. Evans, T. Iverson, 2012, Total cost electricity pricing:  A market solution for increasingly rigorous environmental standards.  The Electricity Journal, 25(2), pp. 7-15.
  • Keske, C.M.H., 2011, Costs of environmental and performance attributes of the Colorado electricity sector.  The Electricity Journal, 24(9), pp. 75-83. 
  • Keske, C.M.H., 2011, How lawsuits could ignite an energy market:  The case of anaerobic digestion. Environmental Law Reporter, 41, pp. 11094-11100. 

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Select Presentations and Outreach Publications
  • Ramlow, M., C.M.H. Keske, and M.F Cotrufo. 2016.  Biochar in Colorado.  Accepted for Colorado State University Extension Publication. 
  • Keske, C.M.H., C. Pearson, D.L. Hoag and A.  Brandess. 2014. Western Colorado Perennial Grass and Biomass Budget Generator. Agricultural Experiment Station Report 14-03.  http://webdoc.agsci.colostate.edu/aes/WCRC/publications/TR14-3%20Western%20Colorado%20Biomass%20Budget%20Generator%20Version%208%202.xlsm
  • Keske, C.M.H., G. Lohman Birch, and M.F. Cotrufo.  2012.  Biochar in Colorado.  Colorado State University Agricultural Extension Bulletin 0.509. 
  • Keske, C.M.H.  2012.  Determining the Economic Feasibility of Anaerobic Digestion in Colorado:  Guidelines for Animal Farm Producers.  Colorado State University Agricultural Extension Bulletin 1.229. 
  • Keske, C. 2011.  Determine Economic Feasibility of Anaerobic Digester, In: Technical and Economic Feasibility of Anaerobic Digestion:  (Sybil Sharvelle and Catherine Keske, Eds.), Montana State University Extension.   URL:  http://www.e3a4u.info/
  • http://www.e3a4u.info/content.cfm?page=AnaerobicDigesters
 
 

Utilities & Energy

catherine keske bioenergy
I have been involved in a variety of projects that looked at more environmentally friendly forms of energy.  In one project, I looked at whether farmers could grow the fuel needed to power all of their farm equipment.  In another, I conducted an economic analyses of the feasibility of anaerobic digesters and of producing biochar, which can be an excellent soil ammendment.  In one study, I developed a comprehensive priceing tool that shows the economic impact of producing electricity from alternate sources such as coal and wind.  Finally, I have done some work on interesting legal and institutional issues related to energy and the environment.
Select Publications
  • Keske, C.M., Bixler, R.P., Bastian, C.T. and Cross, J.E., 2016. Are Population and Land Use Changes Perceived as Threats to Sense of Place in the New West? A Multilevel Modeling Approach. Rural Sociology.
  • Cropper, E., D.M. McLeod, C.T. Bastian, C.M.H. Keske, D.L. Hoag, J.E. Cross, 2012, Factors affecting land trusts’ demand for conservation easements.  Journal of Regional Analysis and Policy Special Issue on Market-Based Environmental Management, 42(2), pp. 88-103.
  • McGaffin, G., D.M. McLeod, C.T. Bastian, C.M. Keske Hoag, D.L. Hoag, 2012, Landowner preferences for conservation easements:  Responses from two intermountain states.  Journal of Farm Managers and Rural Appraisers, 75(1), pp. 98-111
  • Keske, C.M.H., D. Hoag, and C.T. Bastian, 2011, The effect of landowner amenity rents in conservation easement policies.  Environmental Economics Journal, 2(3), pp. 123-130.
  • Keske, C.M.H., D.L. Hoag, D.M. McLeod, C.T. Bastian, M.G. Lacy, 2011, Using mixed methods research in environmental economics: The case of conservation easements, International Journal of Mixed Methods for Applied Business and Policy Research, 1(1), pp. 16-28.    
  • Cross, J. E., C.M.H. Keske, M.G. Lacy, D.L.K. Hoag, and C.T. Bastian, 2011, Adoption of conservation easements among agricultural landowners in Colorado and Wyoming: The role of economic dependence and sense of place, Landscape and Urban Planning, 101(1), pp. 75-83.
  • Miller, A., C.T. Bastian, D.M. McLeod, C.M. Keske, and D.L. Hoag, 2011, Factors impacting agricultural landowners’ willingness to enter into conservation easements: A case study, Society and Natural Resources:  An International Journal, 24(1), pp. 65-74
  • Laitos, J.G. and C.M. Keske, 2010, The right of non-use, Journal of Environmental Law and Litigation (JELL), 25(2), pp. 303-384. 
  • Keske, C.M., D.L. Hoag, and C.T. Bastian, 2009, Economic efficiency in emerging markets:  The case of conservation easements, Western Economics Forum, 8(1), pp. 7-17.
  • Hoag, D.L., C.T. Bastian, C.M. Keske, D.M. McLeod, and A. Marshall, 2005, Evolving conservation easement markets in the West, Western Economics Forum, 4(1), pp. 7-14.
  • Keske, C.M. and D.L. Hoag, 2006, A market perspective:  a research group of economists asks, what are land trusts trying to preserve?  Exchange:  The National Journal of Land Conservation, 25, pp. 24-27.
     
 

Land Economics
and Policy

Conservation Easements protect certain environmental attributes of special properties by buying the rights to that attribute from the property owner.  For example, a conservation easement might protect the right to develop a property, keeping it wild in perpetuity.
 
With a total of 10 published articles, this research focused on how suppliers (primarily farmers and ranchers) and demanders (land trusts) value conservation easements and how prices are established based on those valuations.